Along with the potential benefits, the use of 3D printing raises sensitive legislative and regulatory issues. Only those companies will benefit the most from the implementation of additive technologies (AT / 3D printing) that ensure the factory standard of quality of printed parts (components). Standards around the world are important to define rules, provide benchmarks and implement best practices by all participants in the value chain. Standards are needed to ensure that such rules of the game are established and followed by all stakeholders. Let’s talk about The metal 3D printing certification challenge.
The certification challenge
In manufacturing, standards are often necessary because they describe the production processes and parameters that must be met to produce a quality product. Raw materials, machines, tools, equipment operators and engineers, suppliers, and the manufacturing process itself need standards and mechanisms to qualify/certify to these standards in order to produce parts with the required quality, as well as to be able to interchange products when needed.
Invading an area where there have been well-established standardized manufacturing processes, materials, technologies, strictly regulated norms and industrial quality requirements for manufactured products for decades, the widespread industrial application of 3D printing is still held back by the lack of established, generally accepted national and/or international standards.
Despite the fact that in Europe and the USA a large number of organizations are involved in standardization development processes, many regulatory and methodological documents have been created, the main general standards have been defined and private standards are being worked out, this process is still in the stage of formation and formation. At the moment the regulation of 3D printing is at a stage where it is necessary to widely take into account emerging regulations, to participate in the creation of standards, to provide opportunities for the development of innovative industry, but it is too early to calculate and use ready-made regulations for immediate practical use.
The difficulties and delays in starting to recognize AM (Additive Manufacturing) as an industry requiring its certification methods, qualifications, legal and technical basis for confident industrial application, are related to the novelty of materials, technologies, and the lack of a generally recognized scientific system of measurement, quality control and standards for the processes and the result of 3D printing.
This is due to the fact that the use of 3D printing in different industries is at different stages of implementation. However, the need to streamline processes, reduce costs, and upgrade infrastructure through advanced modern production methods is driving increased research and active exploration of opportunities to implement additive technologies.